About the Bioeconomy

Future societies need to be smart on resources

In 2030, 50 % more food, 45 % more energy and 30 % more water are needed in the world[1]. By 2050, humanity could consume three times its current appetite of resources unless the economic growth is decoupled from the natural resource consumption[2].

Population growth and higher standards of living are putting an enormous pressure on the use of resources globally. The amount of natural resources used across the world in 2014 has exceeded the maximum threshold of sustainability already in August[3]. This evidence shows clearly that we are exploiting the global reserves of natural resources unsustainably.

It is not only the environmental sustainability that is in question. Natural resources are becoming increasingly important economically, politically and socially. They are closely connected to economic growth and stability and our everyday life and well-being depends on them. Thus future societies need to be smart on resources. The challenge is to build societies and infrastructures that enable a sustainable life with the sustainable use of resources.


[1] UN (2012): Resilient People, Resilient Planet: A future worth choosing.

[2] UNEP (2011): Humanity Can and Must Do More with Less. Report.

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